Rajasthan Police History
With the advent of independence in August 1947, the 563 princely States of India
were gradually integrated into different administrative homogeneous units. The State
of Rajasthan, in its present form came into being in different stages. The Matsya
union comprising Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli were the first to be ushered
in on March 18, 1948. They were joined a week later by Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur,
Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kushalgarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk and Udaipur.
Exactly a year later, the four larger States viz. Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner and Jaisalmer
also joined in. Together they formed the Greater Rajasthan, which was inaugurated
by Home Minister of India Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel on 31st March, 1949. Though
the process had started immediately after independence, it was not until 1956 that
all the States came together to form the present Rajasthan.
The erstwhile princely States constituting Rajasthan varied considerably in size,
population, revenue resources, administrative procedures and practices. This was
duly reflected in the composition and capability of security forces they had maintained
for law and order functions. However, with the merger of these States, their police
forces were amalgamated into a single police force, which was known as Rajasthan
In the intial years after its inception, the Rajasthan Police was headed by officers
on deputation and the first Inspector General of Police was Shri R.Banerji, who
took over on 7th April, 1949. Shri Banerji held this post for seven months and devoted
most of that period to the necessary preliminaries of integration of the various
police forces. He chalked out a common police code for the United State of Rajasthan
in the Rajasthan Police Regulations.
The Rajasthan Police Service was formed in January 1951 and eligible officers from
all over the State were appointed. This marked the beginning of Rajasthan Police
as we know it today.